Showing posts with label CHRISTIAN EDUCATION LEARNING NOTE. Show all posts
Showing posts with label CHRISTIAN EDUCATION LEARNING NOTE. Show all posts

Monday, 9 July 2018


The Human Community:
The human community is a group of people living in an area. It is where we live with our parents and neighbours.  In a community, different kinds of people live and work there to earn their living. In any community, there are good or bad people, rich and poor people, lazy and hardworking people, trouble makers and trouble-shooters.
The people in the community, meet, mix, relate and interact with each other every day in the compounds where they live, on the roads, in the streets, in the church, in the market, in the offices and in many other places. As they mix and interact with each other, relationships are established.

Community Leaders:
In every human community, there are different kinds of leaders. There are community leaders, Church or Religious leaders, Education or School leaders and political leaders, etc. Those who are community leaders are the Chiefs, the Council of Elders and Community Development leaders or leaders of Community Progress Unions. These leaders play significant roles in the affairs of the community and the progress of the community.
For the peace, unity and progress of a community people in the community are duty bound to develop or establish good relationship with each other. There are ways of sustaining good relationship and ways of destroying good relationship among the people of the community.
1. Respect for Elders and Leaders:
This means that children, honour and obey their parents, teachers and prefects at school.  Every citizen of the community submits to the authority of the chiefs and elders. This enhances the unity, progress and prosperity of the community and the continuity of a good and healthy relationship.
On the other hand, if children are unruly, disrespectful to parents, teachers and prefects at school, while adult and citizens of the community do not submit to or obey the authority of chiefs and elders in the community, then there will be fighting, confusion and breakdown of law and order which will result in strained relationship and lack of progress in the community.
2. Obedience to Law and Order:
The laws of the land just like the rules and regulations in the school are made to control human behavior in the community. The laws tell us what is good to do and what is bad to avoid. This helps to maintain and sustain good relationship with one another. To sustain good relationship in the community, citizens needs to:
  1. Respect each other.
  2. Obey the laws of the land.
  3. Do not trespass other people’s rights, Commit crimes such as fighting, cheating, fraud(419) etc
3. Participation in Community Development Programmes:
Good citizens contribute levies and donations for such projects, thus promoting good relationship and progress in the community as governments alone cannot provide all the needed facilities in the community.
4. Caring for the Needy:
The Bible teaches that we should be our brother’s keeper. We are expected to be helpful to others especially the poor, the physically challenged or handicapped people. These are people who could not provide the basic necessities of life for themselves. They have to be assisted to survive. There is love in sharing; you can help a fellow student with part of your pocket money in buying some eatables from the tuck-shop when he or she is in need. The Lord Jesus taught that “it is more blessed to give than to receive.”
5. Religious Tolerance:
Religious tolerance simply means peaceful coexistence between people of different religion. As Christians, we live in the same community with people of other religions. In Nigeria there are three major religions, Christianity, Islam and African Traditional Religion. Religious tolerance is based on the understanding that there are three clear elements common to all three major religions in Nigeria. These elements are:
  1. The common belief in the Almighty God as the Creator and Controller of the world;
  2. The good relationship between God and human beings got broken down due to the fault of human beings; and
  3. There is need to restore the broken relationship between God and human beings.
  1. You have a responsibility to help sustain good relationship in the school between teachers and students and among students.
  2. You should pray to God to help you sustain good relationship in the school and in your home community.
  3. As a true follower of Christ, you are to show religious tolerance and love both Christians and non-Christians alike.
  4. We are not to imitate religious fanatics in killing people of other religion and destroying their places of worship.

The church is the body of Christ. It includes our Church leaders and the congregation. Some of our Church leaders are the Pope, Arc Bishops, Bishops, priests, pastors, Prophets and Overseers. As Christians, all members of the Church are brothers and sisters in Christ. In order to have good relationship in the Church, we should show Christian love for one another as brothers and sisters serving the same Christ.
As Christians, we are saddled with the responsibility of showing love, care and concern for other human being even the unbelievers, because it’s through this we can win them to Christ. Here are some ways we can love our brothers and sisters:
  1. Doing good to one another.
  2. Are kind and affectionate to one another.
  3. Pray for those in trouble.
  4. Love and live peacefully with everyone
  5. Do not retaliate but forgive.
  6. Overcome evil with good.

  1. As we show Christian love for one another, we should also maintain good relationship with one another in the Church, which includes:
  1. Have compassion for one another.
  2. Have a good conscience.
  3. Make peace among ourselves.
  4. Bless one another to succeed and prosper in the Christ.
  5. Be ready to defend our faith to non-Christians.
Field trip means going on an excursion or visiting places of interest. The purpose is to enable us observe, at first hand, some of the things that we learn in class, some of the places we have heard, read in our textbooks or even on mass media.
Palace: The chief lives in a palace from where he rules over his people. When we visit the palace we shall see:
  • How the chief lives.
  • How the people greet him in a certain way to show respect for his office.
  • The place where he receives visitors.
  • The place where he and the council of elders meet to discuss matters affecting the welfare of the people.
The school for the Blind: Here we will observe how blind people are trained to use their hands to read and write and do many other things that normal people do. Such a visit helps us to understand the world of the blind and what we can do to improve their lot when we grow up.
The Orphanages and Motherless Babies: These are homes where children who have lost both parents or have no mothers live. We can see what is done to make them feel happy and wanted. We can hear about how some of the rich people, churches and organizations in the community visit them from time to time. They give them food and clothing. Such a visit helps us to know more about the problems of orphans and how we can help them meet their needs when we grow.
  1. You must learn to pray to God to help you sustain good relationship in the Church.
  2. You must learn to pray to God to help you become a true follower of Jesus Christ by showing Christian love to Christians and non-Christians.
CLASS ACTIVITY :- Students are to pay visit to an orphanage within the locality of State.
BIBLICAL REFERENCES: MATTHEW 25: 31-46, ROMANS 12: 9-21. I PETER 3: 8-13. ROMANS 13:1-7.

Friday, 6 July 2018


Relationship is the way two people or groups or countries behave towards each other or degree of kinship or intimacy, affinity in an affair. Relationship develops when people live, play, do things together or worship together.

A family is a group of people who are related by blood or by marriage or by adoption. Families are the origin of human communities. Some members of a family include father, mother, children, relatives, grandparents and in-laws.
There are two different types of family e.g. nuclear, extended, paternal and maternal family.
The Nuclear Family – is made up of husband, and children, including adopted children and wards. The nuclear family is also called the natural or restricted family.
Extended Family – is made up of husband, wife, children, brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, cousins, etc. It is also made up of the relatives of the parents in the nuclear family.
Paternal Family – the family lineage is traced through the father’s side.
Maternal Family – the family lineage is traced through the mother’s side.
ROLES OF FAMILY MEMBERS: EPH. 6:1-9; 5:21 – 33; COL. 3: 18 – 21
Every member of the family has God ordained roles to play for love, harmony, progress and peaceful co-existence of the family.
Failure of any member of the family to play his or her role will make the family not to be what God planned for it.
Children are to obey their parents in the fear of God. That is, the children’s obedience to the parents should be in agreement with the word of God. They are also to honour; respect their parents so that it will be well with them and so that they may live long on the earth.
Fathers and Mothers –They  are to take care of the children, provide for them and not to provoke them, but to nurture and admonish the children in truth i.e. they are to train them to be disciplined children, instruct them with the word of God.
Servants/Wards – They are to be obedient to the masters with fear and trembling, serving in singleness of heart and without eye-service. Their service should be as to the Lord Jesus Christ and not as to men, or men-pleasers, but as servants of the Lord Christ, doing the will of God from the heart. The service they render should be of good will as to the Lord who will reward them accordingly for well doing.
Wives –They are to be subject and submissive to their husbands in everything as the church is subject and submissive unto Christ the head of the church. Wives are to recognize their husbands as the head of the family. They are to also respect and reverence their husbands.
Husbands – They are to love their wives sacrificially as Christ loved the church and died for it. Husbands are to care, cherish and relish their wives as their own bodies, since no man ever hates his own flesh. It is Gods command that the man should leave his father and mother and cleave unto his own wife so that both of them can become one flesh.
The concept of a good family name is manifested by the character, virtues and the up-bringing of members of the family. Normally, family good name is not bought with money, but comes as a result of good reputation shown by the members. This include hardworking, discipline, honesty, respect for other, politeness, courtesy, kindness, public spiritedness, assistance to others especially the needy etc.
On the other hand, family good name is tarnished and destroyed by vices like waywardness of children, fighting, drunkenness, immorality, robbery either by pen or by gun, cultism and such anti-social behavior portrayed by the members of the family.
The Bible has this to say, “A good name is to be chosen, rather than great riches, and favour is better than silver or gold”. Proverbs 22:1.
The plan of God is for all members of the family to live peacefully together. Therefore, anything that can lead to trouble or break up of the family should be avoided.
All members of the family are to play their roles with the progress of the family in view.
Every member of the family should protect the good name of the family, because a good name is better than silver and gold.
Every school consists of five groups of people, which come together to form the school family.
Group 1
The Principal, Vice-Principal, Administrators, Bursar, and Secretary.
Group 2
The Teacher - Form Masters and Mistresses.
Group 3
Subject Teachers.
Group 4
Prefects and Class Monitors – Students.
Group 5

A friend is someone who is very close to us. Friendship occurs as a result of likeness.
During our first days at school, we have no friends. We are just individuals from different homes who have been brought together to learn. Eventually, we are to choose some of our class mate or school mate to become our friends. Human being has been created by God in way that we can’t live in isolation. On a daily basis, we need to interact with our fellow mates to discuss, learn and impact knowledge. Friends are inevitable in the journey of life. They can either make you or mar you.
At most times, we choose friends because of the:
-same age group,
-common interest or school clubs
-religion etc.
At times, our friendship becomes a lifelong relationship (family-friends).
  1. To grow in life in all areas, we need one another.
  2. We can’t do without the help of others so we must show ourselves friendly.
Friendship can’t be ruled out in any facet of life. Animals in the forest communicate with each other not to talk of human beings created in the image of God. There are some examples found in the Bible:
Jonathan was the son of Saul, the first king of Israel. David was the son of Jesse, a shepherd. David and Jonathan became friends after God helped David to kill Goliath of Gath (Philistine) as he lived in the house of King Saul, and married his daughter Jonathan and David became close when David was living in the palace. Jonathan gave David his robe, a bow, arrow and girdle for presents as a mark of their friendship. Jonathan chose David as his friend because he was a good boy. He was brave and he trusted in the lord.
  • BraveryTrust in the lord
  • Fear of the lord
  • Faithfulness      
  • Obedience
  • Reliability etc.

The Bible made it clear that “evil communication corrupts good manners”. This is true among all human but mostly influential on students. Having bad friends is a great danger because it is easier to influence human negatively than positively. Thus, it is easier for a criminal to influence his good friend than for a good boy to influence a criminal to become good boy. Here are some characters found in bad friends: truancy, smoking, homosexual, lesbianism, prostitution, drinking, stealing, laziness and so on.

  1. We must learn to pray to God to help us choose friends who possess good qualities in life, like Jonathan.Some friends are not reliable and may disappoint us when we need help most, so we must be careful.We should learn to pray to God to help us avoid friends who are unreliable and can disappoint us.
  2. The evils of bad friendship can destroy our future to succeed and prosper in life. We must learn to pray to God to help us avoid the evils of bad friendship so as to succeed and prosper in    life.

BIBLICAL REFERENCES: EPH. 6:1-9. ECCLE.12:1. PROV. 22:1.COL. 3:18-21. I PETER 3:1-7

Wednesday, 4 July 2018


Disobedience is failure or refusal to obey or abide by the rules, regulations and instructions stipulated or given by an authority.
God made Adam and Eve and put them in the Garden of Eden to till and keep it.  God commanded man to eat freely of the trees in the garden except from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. He told man that the day he eats from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, he will surely die.
However, Serpent came and deceived Eve that if they eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil which God commanded them not to eat, that they will not die but will become like God knowing good and evil.  Eve saw that the tree was good for food, so she ate of it and gave to her husband who was with her and he ate also; so they were disobedient. Immediately they finished eating the forbidden fruit, their eyes opened and they realized that they were naked. They became ashamed of their nakedness and took fig leaves to cover their bodies.
This act of disobedience led to the fall of man from glory, and a break in relationship with God.
Consequences of Adam and Eve’s disobedience:
The disobedience of Adam and Eve led to the fall of man and a broken relationship with God.
  1. Disobedience brings sense of guilt.
  2. Disobedience brings suffering
  3. Disobedience brings evil
  4. Disobedience causes breakdown of law and order
God’s punishment for Adam, Eve and the serpent
All the parties involved in this sin of disobedience received a portion of the punishment which God gave for it.
For deceiving the woman and causing man to disobey God the Serpent was;
  1. cursed above all the animals;
  2. to go on its belly;
  3. to eat dust as food; and
  4. to be in enmity with the seed of the woman; i.e. the seed of the woman shall bruise its head while the Serpent will bruise the heel of the seed of woman.
For listening to the Serpent, desiring, eating and giving the fruit to her husband, the woman was sentenced that;
  1. her pains will be multiplied during child bearing;
  2. her desire shall be for her husband; and
  3. her husband shall rule over.
For disobeying God by eating the fruit, man’s punishment is that;
  1. the ground was cursed
  2. he will toil, labour and sweat before eating;
  3. he will eventually die and return to the dust from where he was formed.
Moral Lessons:
  1. The root of disobedience is selfishness, greed and covetousness.
  2. Do not follow bad advice to do what is wrong or allow any body to deceive you to disobey instructions given to you by your parents or teachers.
  3. The result of disobedience is punishment.
Who is a learner? A learner is a person who is finding out about a subject or how to do something. Learners as students are to obey the rules and regulations of the school authority. However, if they disobey, they will be punished. For example, breaking the law or rules of the school authority may lead to punishment such as labour or corporal punishment, suspension for a few weeks or outright expulsion from the school according to the gravity of the disobedience.
Anybody that will break moral law and goes into fornication may have unwanted pregnancy, expulsion from school, sexually transmitted diseases and some killer diseases such as HIV/AIDS. Also, becoming a cult member in the school will result to expulsion; examinations malpractice may lead to imprisonment and other ugly consequences such as corporal punishment. Disobedience generally always leads to the breaking down of relationships.
National laws are laws of the country for the good, protection and provisions of every citizen of the Nation.  Disobedience to any law may also lead to national punishment. Most people disobey and vandalize public properties, e.g. breaking or bursting pipelines may lead to serious oil fire outbreak, death of people and scarcity fuel. Not obeying traffic rules, answering phone call while driving on the highway may cause fatal accidents, severe injuries and untimely death. Looting of government treasury will eventually lead to financial and economic crises in the nation, while the looters will face Gods judgment and, when caught will face social embarrassment and may be jailed.
Furthermore, politicians who break the rules and regulations of elections stand the chance of being disqualified, people may revolt and this may lead to killings, confusion destruction of personal and public properties etc.
In most cases, the laws of the land are projected in the national Anthem and pledge. For example, the Nigerian national Anthem urges the citizens not to waste the labours of past heroes, to be faithful, loyal and honest.  However, majority of Nigerians are not obeying absolutely, the laws of the country because of selfishness, greed, covetousness, tribalism etc.
Moral Lessons:
  1. Learners are to obey the rules and regulations of the school so that their studies will not be disrupted for them to have excellent results.
  2. All forms of disobedience will be punished, either by man or by God. Therefore, learners should be obedient at all times.
  3. All forms of disobedience or inclination to disobedience should be repented of.


Saturday, 30 June 2018


CONTENT: 1. Meaning of marriage
                  2. Functions of marriage
MEANING OF MARRIAGE. GEN. 2: 22-25, EPH. 5:21-31
Marriage is the legal union or relationship between a man and a woman to become husband and wife. Marriage was instituted by God right from the time of creation.  After creating Adam, God saw that it was not good that man should be alone. He decided to make a woman as a help-meet for man.  Therefore the original plan of God was and is still that a matured man and a matured woman will come together as husband and wife.  The idea of homosexuals/lesbian i.e. people of the same sex getting married or sleeping together as married people is sin, or polygamists i.e. a man marrying many wives is not God’s plan for His people. This is not according to the word of God and should be discouraged. All these are evil practices of men that are against God’s plan for man.
  1. Procreation – God commanded man to be fruitful, multiply, replenish and subdue the earth. Through marriage and child bearing God’s plan is being fulfilled.
  2. Companionship – God saw that man was alone and it was not good. So He created the woman as a helper and companion for man so that man is not lonely.
  3. Chastity – Marriage is to prevent man from living like animals. It discourages all forms of bestial behavior, prostitution and sexual immorality that God instituted marriage for human beings. This is to make them different from lower animals because man is the image of God.

Other functions include:
  1. Raising godly generation for God. God intend to raise God fearing generation through marriage as they procreate
  2. Prevention of Terrible Diseases – Marriage is to prevent all forms of sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis, Herpes, HIV/AIDS and forms of deadly diseases that are attacking disobedient people today.
  3. Responsibility: There are responsibilities or duties for husband and wife in marriage in the home and in the home and in the community (Read Ephesians 5: 21-31)
Moral Lessons:
  1. Man is to encourage life and not to terminate life. So Christians are to avoid and discourage abortions.
  2. God has created all things that will make man enjoy the earth, so there is no need for any lack or for man to become selfish or greedy.
  3. Marriage is an institution established by God for man and woman to come together as husband and wife. Other form of human relationships like homosexuality, lesbianism or gay marriage etc are very sinful and should be discouraged.
  4. Sexual immorality is not part of God’s plan for man. It is a sin before God and shall attract punishment from Him
  1. The first reason for given Adam a woman by God is (a)procreation (b)chastity (c)companionship (d)responsibility (e)cooking
  2. Which of the following forms of human relationship is approved by God (a)gay marriage (b)lesbianism  (c)homosexuality (d)marriage between a man and a woman (e)polygamy
  3. Sexual immorality or unholy relationships attracts (a) God’s favour (b) God’s wrath (c) God’s blessing (d) God’s permission (e)God’s approval
  4. Legal union between a mature man and a woman is referred to as (a)friendship (b) marriage (c)courtship (d) responsibility (e) companionship
  5. Unholy relationships among teenagers can lead to all but one of the following (a) sexually transmitted diseases  (b) death (c) unwanted pregnancy (d) expulsion from school (e) academic success
Essay Questions:
  1. Define marriage
  2. List five functions of marriage
ASSIGNMENT: (Read Ephesians 5: 21-31)



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